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CH-5732 Zetzwil
062 773 22 82

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BluesAccordion  "Kniri 221"

 

BluesÖrgeli  (deutsch)  

I came up with some alternative tunings for Cajun Accordions and Diatonic Harmonicas. The one row Cajun-Accordions do usually have the same 'Richter' tuning as a Bluesharp has.     

I was looking for an easier way to play the Blues with the common three chords (C, F and G7 in the key of C). After playing around for some time I found a continuous scale for diatonic instruments. This means that the notes do always have the same steps. This allows to play 5 different mixolydian major scales and 5 different natural minor (aeolian) scales, which are related/similar to the circle of 4ths (and 5ths).

Now the nice thing about this is if you blow(push) or draw(pull) any three notes right next to then it will always result in a chord (triad in root position), major or minor depending where you are.
This makes it very easy if you want to use the instrument to accompany someone.

The next interesting thing is that if you take the next note (next to the first three notes in a row) you will always have the flat seventh, which is nice for the Blues.
It is always the main note, third, quint and flat seventh. (flat7ths-chord progression in the circle of 4ths, or flat 7ths-chord-turnaround or "flat7ths spiral")

As an example if you draw:Harmonica(push:Accordion) from the the C (4 notes in a row) then the notes would be C,E,G,Bb.
Easy as that. And like this you jump from one chord to the next.(flat7 spiral: C,E,G, Bb---,E,G,Bb,D---G,Bb,D,F---Bb,D,F,Ab---D,F,Ab,C---F,Ab,C,Eb and so on....)

 

221-scale (Kniri Knaus)  steps   2=wholetone 1 = halftone    221221221221221221.......    B*= H deutsch  Bb= B deutsch

..Bb,C,D,Eb,F,G,Ab,Bb,C,Db,Eb,F,Gb,Ab,Bb,B*,Db,Eb,E,Gb,Ab,A,B*,C#,D,E,F#,G,A,B*,C,D,E,F,G,A,Bb,C,D,Eb,F,G,Ab,Bb,C,Db,Eb,F,Gb,Ab

,Bb,B*,Db,Eb,E,Gb,Ab,A,B*,C#,D,E,F#,G,A,B*,C,D,E,F,G,A,Bb,C,D,EbF,G,Ab,Bb,C,Db,Eb,F,Gb,Ab,Bb,B*,Db,Eb,E,Gb,Ab,A,B*,C#.........

Exemple:  From G to G = 6 oktaves, all 12 keys in the circle of 4ths, 36 tones !!!!

Layout "Kniri 221"

G/B*/D/F/A/C/Eb/G/Bb/Db  blow: Harmonica / pull: Accordion !!!!!
A/C/ E/G/Bb/D/F/Ab/C/Eb  draw: Harmonica / push: Accordion !!!!!

B* = H deutsch,  Bb = B deutsch

(for harmonicas: draw-bendings at holes 1,3,4,6,7,9 and 10)
 

5 mixolydian scales: steps 221 221 221 221 221 221 2

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 

 

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5 natural minor (aeolian) scales: steps 21 221 221 221 221 221 22

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 

G A B C D E F G A Bb C D Eb F G Ab Bb C Db Eb

 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

16 Triads are possible (3 notes in a row) in the circle of 4ths

G,C,F,Bb,Eb,Ab-major  /   A,D,G,C,F-minor  /   B,E,A,D,G dim ( G7,C7,F7,Bb7,Eb7)

Kniri 221    Harmonica

G/B/D/F/A/C/Eb/G/Bb/Db      blow harmonica / pull accordion
A/C/E/G/Bb/D/F/Ab/C/Eb       draw harmonica / push accordion

14 Chords  (4 notes in a row)

blow: G,B*,D,F---B,D,F,A----D,F,A,C----F,A,C,Eb----A,C,Eb,G---C,Eb,G,Bb---Eb,G,Bb,Db

draw: A,C,E,G---C,E,G, Bb---,E,G,Bb,D---G,Bb,D,F---Bb,D,F,Ab---D,F,Ab,C---F,Ab,C,Eb

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kniri 221   Cajun Accordions
B*english = H deutsch,  Bb english = B deutsch


2212212212212212212---Steps (2=wholetone 1=halftone)
A C E G Bb D F Ab C Eb - Push
G B* D F A C Eb G Bb Db - Pull

1221221221221221221---Steps
G B* D F A C Eb G Bb Db- Push
F# A C E G Bb D F Ab C - Pull

2122122122122122122---Steps
E G Bb D F Ab C Eb Db Bb- Push
D F A C Eb G Bb Db F Ab - Pull

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3-Row-Accordion: Kniri 221

Ab B*  Eb Gb A Db E G  B* D  - Push
Gb Bb  Db E Ab B* D Gb A C  - Pull

A  C  E G  Bb  D F Ab C  Eb    - Push
G  B* D F A  C Eb G Bb  Db    - Pull

A# C# F G#  B* D# F# A C# E - Push
G# C D# F# Bb C# E G# B* D   -Pull

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Kniri 221 Tuning 

8 Triads (blow,Harmonica)    G      B      D   //  F      A      C  //  Eb      G      Bb  //   Db

               (pull,Accordion)       G -major            F-major           Eb-major

 

                                           G      B  //   D      F      A   //  C      Eb      G  //    Bb      Db

                                                                 D-minor          C-minor               

 

                                           G   //  B     D      F  //   A      C      Eb   //  G      Bb      Db

                                                       B dim/ G7      A dim/ F7           G dim/ Eb7

 

8 triads (draw,Harmonica)      A  //   C      E      G  //  Bb     D      F  //    Ab     C        Eb

             (push,Accordion)                 C-major             Bb-major            Ab-major

                                            A      C      E   //   G     Bb     D   //  F       Ab     C   //    Eb

                                              A-minor              G-minor              F-minor

                                            A      C  //  E      G     Bb  //  D      F       Ab  //  C        Eb

                                                             E dim/ C7          D dim/ Bb7

Kniri 221 Tuning 

for playing in 10 different keys:

5 mixolydian major scales and 5 natural minor (aeolian) scales

Bb:        (+blue notes Ab+Db)
G, B, D, F, A, C, Eb, G, Bb, Db  blow harmonica/pull Accordion
A, C, E, G, Bb, D,F, Ab, C, Es   draw harmonica/push accordion

C:        (+blue notes Bb+Eb)
G, B, D, F, A, C, Eb, G, Bb, Db  blow
A, C, E, G, Bb, D, F, Ab, C, Es   draw

F:      (+blue notes Eb+Ab)                           
G, B, D, F, A, C, Eb,  G, Bb,  Db   blow
A, C, E, G, Bb, D, F, Ab, C, Es    draw

G:       (+blue notes F+Bb)                           
G, B, D, F A, C, Eb, G, Bb, Db   blow
A, C, E, G, Bb, D, F, Ab, C, Es    draw

Eb:     (+blue note Db)
G, B, D, F, A, C, Eb, G, Bb, Db    blow
A, C, E, G, Bb, D, F, Ab, C, Es    draw

D minor:
G, B, D, F, A, C, Eb, G, Bb, Db    blow
A, C, E, G, Bb, D, F, Ab, C, Es    draw   

G minor:
G, B, D, F, A, C, Eb, G, Bb, Db    blow
A, C, E, G, Bb, D, F, Ab, C, Es    draw

A minor:
G, B, D, F, A, C, Eb, G, Bb, Db    blow
A, C, E, G, Bb, D, F, Ab, C, Es    draw

F minor:
G, B, D, F, A, C, Eb, G, Bb, Db    blow
A, C, E, G, Bb, D, F, Ab, C, Es    draw

C minor:     
G, B, D, F, A, C, Eb, G, Bb, Db   blow
A, C, E, G, Bb, D, F, Ab, C, Es   draw

 draw-bendings at holes  1,3,4,6,7,9 and 10

------------------------------------------------------------------

Kniri 221

D/F#/A/C/E/G/Bb/D/F/Ab  blow on harmonica / pull on accordion       A/C#/E/G/B*/D/F/A/C/Eb 

E/G/B*/D/F/A/C/Eb/G/Bb  draw on Harmonica / push on accordion     B*/D/F#/A/C/E/G/Bb/D/F

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Spiral tunings for comparison

Spiral (Circular Tuning)    steps 2212212221221222122         2=Wholetone  1=Halftone   

G/B/D/F/A/C/E/G/B/D   blow             G, G7, Dm, F, Am, C, Em, G    blow harmonica / pull Accordion
1  2  3  4 5  6  7 8  9 10                 Am, C, Em, G, G7, Dm, F, Am   draw harmonica / push Accordion
A/C/E/G/B/D/F/A/C/E   draw

 

Kniri 221   steps 221221221....         BluesÖrgeli and 221-Bluesharp   

G/B/D/F/A/C/Eb/G/Bb/Db  blow           with 16  Chords in the Circle of 4ths
1  2  3  4 5  6  7 8  9 10                  G, G7, Dm, F, F7, Cm, Eb, Eb7

A/C/E/G/Bb/D/F/Ab/C/Eb   draw        Am, C, C7, Gm, Bb, Bb7, Fm, Ab

 

Kniri 1222  steps 122212221222......

G/Bb/D/F/A/C/E/G/B/D  blow                 with 16 Chords in the Circle of 5ths
1  2  3  4 5  6  7 8  9 10                  Gm, Bb, Dm, F, Am, C, Em, G

Ab/C/Eb/G/Bb/D/F/A/C/E  draw         Ab, Cm, Eb, Gm, Bb, Dm, F, Am

 

Kniri 222  steps 121222121222.......

G/Bb/D/F/Ab/C/Eb/Gb/Bb/Db   blow    with 16 Chords in the circle of 4ths

1  2  3  4  5   6  7   8  9  10               Gm, Bb, Bb7, Fm, Ab, Ab7, Ebm, Gb 

A/C/E/G/Bb/D/F/Ab/C/Eb      draw           Am, C,  C7, Gm, Bb, Bb7, Fm, Ab

 

True Chromatic (Eugene Ivanov)         steps 2122212221222122212.....

G/Bb/D/F/A/C/E/G/B/D  blow               with 16 chords in the circle of 5ths
1  2  3  4 5  6  7 8  9 10                    Gm, Bb, Dm, F, Am, C, Em, G
A/C/E/G/B/D/F#/A/C#/E  draw             Am, C, Em, G, Bm, D, F#m, A

 

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

For Harmonicas:

 

Spiral Blues (Kniri Knaus)

G/B/D/F/G/B/D/F/G/B         blow           G7

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Bb/Db/Eb/G/Bb/Db/Eb/G/Bb/Db  draw     Eb7

 

3121122031211220......steps 3=3 halftones, 2=2 halftones, 1=1 halftones, 0=0

 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Spiral Blues Alt (Kniri Knaus)

G/Bb/Db/Eb/G/Bb/Db/Eb/G/Bb    blow     Eb7

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

G/B/D/F/G/B/D/F/G/B     draw                G7

0312112203121122....steps 3=3 halftones, 2=2 halftones, 1=1 halftones, 0=0

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Links:

 

Scale FinderSeydel Harp Congfigurator

Pat Missin, Alternate Tuning List

Harmonica-Spiral-Tuning-Kniri-221

 

RETUNING:

Richter F  to  Kniri 221  G

blow  +2 , +2 , +2 , 0 , 0 , 0 ,-2 , -2 , -2 , -4

draw  +2 , 0 , 0 , 0 , 0 , 0 , +1 , +1 , +2 , +1

 

Richter/Kniri Tuning  (Richter-221)

Combination Richter Tuning and  Kniri 221 Tuning

Holes 1-5 Richter Tuning Holes 6-10  Kniri 221 Tuning

F/A/C/F/A/C/Eb/G/Bb/Db  blow       F................... F7, Cm, Eb, Eb7
1  2  3  4 5  6  7 8  9 10         
G/C/E/G/Bb/D/F/Ab/C/Eb  draw
      C..........C7, Gm, Bb, Bb7, Fm, Ab

Gb,B,Eb,Gb- Db,E - - B,D    bendings

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Richter-Tuning

F/A/C/F/A/C/F/A/C/F      blow       F...................
1  2  3  4 5  6  7 8  9 10         
G/C/E/G/Bb/D/E/G/Bb/D  draw      C..........C7, Gm , Gm6

Gb,B,Eb,Gb--Db---------    bendings

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Kniri 221    221221221221....

G / B / D / F / A / C / Eb / G / Bb / Db  blow harmonica/pull accordion

A / C / E / G / Bb / D / F / Ab / C / Eb  draw harmonica/push accordion

 

C / E / G / Bb / D / F / Ab / C / Eb / Gb  blow

D / F / A / C / Eb / G / Bb / Db / F / Ab  draw

------------------------------------------- 

Inversion 212   212212212212......

A / C / E / G / Bb / D / F / Ab / C / Eb

B / D / F / A / C / Eb / G / Bb / Db / F

 

D / F / A / C / Eb / G / Bb / Db / F / Ab

E / G / Bb / D / F / Ab / C / Eb / Gb / Bb

--------------------------------------------

Inversion 122    122122122122.....

B / D / F / A / C / Eb / G / Bb / Db / F

 

C / E / G / Bb / D / F / Ab / C / Eb / Gb

 

 

 

F#/ A / C / E / G / Bb / D / F / Ab / C

G / B / D / F / A / C / Eb / G / Bb / Db

---------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Other Idees:

C7/D7 Spiral Tuning : steps 2221212022212120222


Scale:  C, D, E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C, D, E, F#, G, A, Bb, C, C, D, E, F#

C /E /G /Bb/C/ E/ G/ Bb/C/ E   -blow                  Chord : C7
D/F#/A/C/D/F#/A/C/ D/ F#     -draw                  Chord : D7     

Db  F  Ab B  Db F Ab  B  Db  F   bendings

Bendings on all 10 Holes

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Cm7/Dm7 Spiral Tuning :  steps 2122212021222120212

Scale, C, D, Eb, F, G, A, Bb, C, C, D, Eb, F, G, A, Bb, C, C, D, Eb, F

C /Eb/G/Bb/C/Eb/G/ Bb/C/Eb   -blow              Chord Cm7
D/ F /A /C /D/ F/ A/ C/ D/ F     -draw              Chord Dm7     

Db E  Ab B  Db  E  Ab  B  Db  E    bendings

Bendings on all 10 Holes !